President Trump is a slight underdog to win a second term with less than a year to go before the 2020 election.
The president is saddled with low approval ratings nationally and weakness with key voting groups. Trump’s approval ratings are mired in the low 40s, and he may remain the first president since modern polling began whose favorability number has never been above 50 percent in a Gallup poll.
Trump’s fiery and impulsive style appeals to his core Make America Great Again base, who continue to pack large arenas for his campaign rallies. But it costs him badly among other segments of the electorate.
In one recent Quinnipiac University poll, for example, his approval ratings were narrowly positive among male voters — 48 percent approval and 45 percent disapproval — but disastrous among female voters. The poll indicated that 61 percent of female voters disapproved of Trump’s job performance while only 32 percent approved.
Despite those stiff headwinds, Trump is nowhere close to a point where he can be counted out, however.
Going into Election Day 2016, he had the lowest favorability ratings of any major party nominee in history — numbers that were measurably worse than the opponent he went on to defeat, Democrat Hillary Clinton.
Trump threaded the needle on that occasion by demolishing the states that had been seen as a Democratic ‘blue wall’ in the Rust Belt and upper Midwest — Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and Michigan.
The president remains competitive in those states according to some polls.
In early November, a series of polls measuring Trump in hypothetical match-ups against the leading Democratic contenders in battleground states sounded a warning bell for his critics.
Among likely voters in the three states mentioned above, Biden beat Trump in all three but by no margin greater than two points; Sanders won only one, Michigan, and by just three points; and Warren lost all three to Trump.
“Any Democrat who looks at that data should be concerned,” Democratic strategist Hank Sheinkopf told The Hill at the time. “The blue-collar rift in this country hasn’t been healed in any way and Trump still commands tremendous loyalty” among his supporters.
Trump could also benefit from an economy that continues to perform strongly, as well as the nexus of cultural and ethnic resentments that helped power his 2016 victory.
“Is he in serious trouble? Of course he is. But I’m not prepared to say he can’t win reelection,” said Terry Madonna, a professor of public affairs and a polling expert at Pennsylvania’s Franklin & Marshall College.
Madonna emphasized how the vagaries of the electoral college could help Trump.
He cited Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Michigan and Florida as the “big four” states likely to decide the 2020 outcome, noting that while some other states could be competitive “about 40 states don’t matter” because they are safely in the Democratic or Republican column.
Two other factors stand in Trump’s favor: his colossal war chest and the unpredictability of the battle for the Democratic nomination.
Trump and the Republican National Committee together raised about $125 million in the third quarter and, as that quarter ended, had about $156 million cash on hand. Sanders, the best-financed contender for the Democratic nomination, had about one-fifth as much cash on hand.
Trump’s money advantage can be used not just on conventional campaigning methods such as television advertising and get-out-the-vote efforts but on tightly targeted social media promotion.
Since May of last year, Trump’s Facebook page has run more than $23 million of advertising on the platform. During the same period, Biden spent about $3.1 million, Sanders $4.8 million and Warren $5.5 million.
The contours of the 2020 battlefield will remain hazy until Democrats decide upon a nominee — and that could be a long process.
There is considerable fluidity in the polls, with South Bend, Ind., Mayor Pete Buttigieg (D) having risen sharply in the two states with the first contests, Iowa and New Hampshire.
But there are serious questions around Buttigieg’s apparent inability to attract black support. Meanwhile, Biden remains the leader in national polls, and Sanders and Warren stay in serious contention.
Given the candidates’ strength and their varying demographic appeals, it is plausible that the first four contests — Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada and South Carolinas — could all produce different winners, laying the ground for a prolonged primary leading up to the Democratic National Convention, which will be held in Milwaukee in July 2020.
Meanwhile, any objective look at polling and its variances demonstrates the dangers of making overly assured predictions this far out.
In early November, polling from ABC News and the Washington Post showed Biden, Sanders and Warren defeating Trump nationwide by 17 points, 14 points and 15 points, respectively.
More recently, Emerson College polled the same hypothetical contests. Its polling found Trump defeating Biden by two points, tied with Warren and losing to Sanders by a single point.
The Memo is a reported column by Niall Stanage, primarily focused on Donald Trump’s presidency.